KERATINOPHILIC FUNGI KERALA PDF

Abstract. One hundred and fifty-eight soil samples were collected from various areas of four districts of Kerala and screened for prevalence of keratinophilic fungi. This chapter discusses the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in different habitats Deshmukh and Verekar b), Kerala (Deshmukh b), the Andamans. Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India). Deshmukh SK(1). Author information: (1)Dept. of Natural Products, Quest Institute of.

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Both patients presented pulmonary cavity sites [ 49 ]. Sites of collection of soil samples in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Numbers at the respective nodes are percentage of bootstrap replicates. It was further isolated from various parts of India [ 2123 — 27 ].

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

View at Google Scholar A. View at Google Scholar E.

keratinopphilic This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. View at Google Scholar C. Keratinophilic fungi are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth.

It appears from this study that a rich kerationphilic of keratinophilic fungal flora exists in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra which may be attributed to the climatic and environmental conditions such as the soil type, vegetation, fauna, and human habitations. Cultures were incubated at room temperature for five to ten days following which the cultures were microscopically checked for purity and subcultured to get pure cultures.

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It is a cosmopolitan species and has been reported from various parts of India [ 17182728 ]. The sequences of the ITS Materials and Methods 2. Microsporum gypseum complex was found next to C. The Phylogenetic tree indicates different clusters for each isolate showing their sequence variation.

The final products were analyzed by electrophoresis on 1. Gymnascella hyalinospora was reported from Indian soils by Singh and Kushwaha [ 32 ] and Deshmukh [ 34 ]. View at Google Scholar G. Distribution of soil samples examined of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra India. The other species of merala recovered were Trichophyton mentagrophytes 2.

View at Google Scholar T. Its high percentage of distribution clearly indicates that it is well adapted to warmer condition of India [ 21 ]. The cultures were keratinophilix using macro- and micromorphological features. These areas potentially have a high risk for causing cutaneous fungal infections in humans and animals funyi could be considered as a source of these infections.

View at Google Scholar M. However, mating experiments were not conducted to confirm its specific identity. Thirteen species of eight genera were isolated, namely, Auxarthron conjugatum 2. It is reported from Indian soils [ 262930 ]. Other species of keratinophilic fungi isolated were Gymnascella dankaliensis 1.

The prevalence of these fungi in the soils of region of Vidarbha is of importance for their pathogenic potential and has been confirmed in several investigations in different parts of the world. Auxarthron conjugatum is reported from Indian soils by Deshmukh and Verekar [ 20 ], Jain and Agrawal [ 36 ], and Deshmukh and Agrawal [ 37 ].

Since then studies on the isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil have been investigated throughout the world [ 4 — 7 ]. Introduction Keratinophilic ekrala are an ecologically important group of fungi that decompose one of the most abundant and highly stable animal proteins on earth-keratin which they utilize as a nutrient substrate for growth.

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Keratinoophilic Petri dishes were half filled with the soil samples and moistened with water and baited with keratin by burying sterile human hairs in the soil. Seventy-one isolates were recovered and identified. Chrysosporium state of Ctenomyces serratus and Trichophyton mentagrophytes were the smallest and the largest, respectively. Negative controls were used in each set of reactions.

Incidence of keratinophilic fungi from selected soils of Kerala state (India).

The results of the isolations are presented in Table 2. Various workers have isolated Chrysosporium zonatum from Indian soil [ 3132 ].

There are reports of disseminated infections due to C. Our findings confirm the presence of keratinophilic and related dermatophytes in the soils of Vidarbha region. Phylogenetic tree based on ITS These findings are in agreement with the findings of previous work on keratinophilic fungi.

One hundred and fifty samples keralla collected from eleven districts of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state and screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi using hair baiting technique for isolation. Gymnascella dankaliensis was reported from superficial infections in human beings [ 52 ] and Iwen et al. Plant Sciencesvol.

Thus, these fungi may be regarded as opportunistic pathogens. Distribution of keratinophilic fungi in different types of soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra.

The other species of Chrysosporium isolated were Chrysosporium evolceanui 2. View at Google Scholar J. View at Google Scholar I.