Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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During excavation of Carrier sites, Rouse recovered 2, artifacts, over 2, of which were potsherds classified into 23 types.

There also appears to be evidence of a very early stage of the worship of zemisHaitian historical deities, although this concept would have been in the early stages of development. Presidents of the American Anthropological Association. Hodge —16 Alfred L. MacCurdy Professor of Anthropologyholding this position until his retirement in The third epoch, the Neo-Indian epoch, was characterized by the sufficient development of agriculture as a means to replace hunting as the principle mean of subsistence.

These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques.

This event sparked a lifelong interest in identifying migrations of people and understanding the reason for migrations of human populations. One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the ircing pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made.

This custom or concept is the mode. Arensberg William C. Benjamin Riuse Rouse August 29, — February 24, was an American archaeologist on the faculty of Yale University best known for his work in the Greater and Lesser Antilles of the Caribbeanespecially in Haiti. Trade would have been prevalent based on the presence exotic pottery types.

In Rouse had a heart attack while on a project in Antigua, signaling the end to his fieldwork career. He also conducted fieldwork in Irvlng and Venezuela.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

Spicer Ernestine Friedl He notes, however, that there is no historical evidence for cannibalism. Irving Rouse began his academic career studying forestry and obtained his Bachelor’s degree in plant science from Yale University ‘s Sheffield Scientific School in Irving and Mary had two sons, David and Peter.


Hill —99 Louise Lamphere — The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a irrving of classes representing different features of the artifact.

The Meso-Indian epoch began about BC. They were not hunting the same type of big-game animals as the Paleo-Indians were, as that food source became extinct by the time the Meso-Indian epoch started. The flint artifacts were similar in form to both the Couri and Meillac flint artifacts, while the ground-stone tools were similar to the Irfing ground-stone artifacts.

The first segment of his dissertation is a definition of the methods he would use in studying the cultures of this region titled Prehistory in Haiti: Most if the Meillac cultural material consisted of cooking pottery and “clay griddle”.

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The ground stone artifacts included stone axes and various types of hammer-grinders, beads, and other small objects. Retrieved from ” https: Bone artifact were rare. A Study in Method Most of the evidence about Couri culture comes in the form of material culturedefined by Rouse as concerning “standards observable in the artefacts [sic] of the sites under study” [11] He observes sixteen “types” of artifacts defined here as “the set of standards to which the artifacts as a whole conform”, [12] mostly flintbut some ground stone and shell artifacts as well.

He believes that the concept of private property may have had a role in the Couri culture, giving the stone beads and stone and shell pendants as examples. These people were big game hunters. He was promoted to associate curator and research associate Coral was utilized for the first time in the region by the Meillac groups, who used unworked coral as “rasps” and picks. Walter Goldschmidt Richard N. His maternal grandfather was Czech.

Irving Rouse

Rouse was a major contributor to the study of Caribbean archaeologyand his contribution to this field began with his dissertation, which was broken down into two parts and dealt with the culture of the Ft. In his excavations Rouse was able to recover 9, artifacts, iirving 9, of which were pottery sherds. As a result of the research done a much better understanding of the culture history of the northern Antilles was constructed. The flint artifacts included daggers, knives, and scrapers, tainod were often large and crude.


The authors identify four major epochs chronological classification to which the remains of each distinct group of people with distinct cultural traits ethnic classification will be assigned.

Not much about the non-material culture of the Couri defined by Rouse as “concerned with customs which have been inferred by artifacts [13] is known. There is evidence of a workshop for the manufacture of the axes in the area, however it appears that the flint objects were made elsewhere, indicating that there was probably some sort of trade system in place. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Irving Rouse – Wikipedia

These sherds were classified into 30 types. Rouse identifies his background in botany as a major factor in his hhe interest in classification and taxonomy. The most elaborate types of artifact were the cooking pots, which included pepper pots similar to those found at Meillac sites. Social organization would have been similar to Meillac group social structure, with people living houses grouped into villages.

A Study in Methodthe second an application of these methods entitled Culture of the Ft. Casagrande Edward H.

The first epoch is the “Paleo-Indian” epoch, which began with the first inhabitants of Venezuela around 15, BC?. The final group examines by Rouse in his dissertation is called the Carrier group. This project was not a total disaster, however.