Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians has 51 ratings and 0 reviews. Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers of. Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians by Ibn Taymiyyah, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Ibn Taymiyya, Against the Greek Logicians Introduction and translation by Wael B . Hallaq Oxford: Clarendon Press, Iviii + p. Show all authors.
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He therefore set out to Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers tye medieval Islam, held Greek logic responsible for the “heretical” metaphysical conclusions reached by Islamic philosophers, theologians, mystics, and others. See the revealing passage in Jahd, Translation, par.
The Best Books of Ashraf Al-refaee rated it liked it Oct 24, It’s only in hardback and thus really pricey. This sect was seen by mainstream Sunnism as being literalist and anthropomorphist. Their theory of definition is thus invalidated. Hallaq A Clarendon Press Publication. The substantive arguments he adduced to vindicate this position could have been extended—I believe with relative ease—to a more serious charge that the syllogism inherently begs the question.
But, most important, the essence is not subject to causal explication: So would the delimitation of species, which at times obtains by means of verbal definitions, and at others by definitions stipulated by convention.
Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians
Ibn Taymiyya, one of the greatest and most prolific thinkers in medieval Islam, held Gree You ought to know that they have founded logic upon the theory of definition and its species, and upon demonstrative syllogism and its species.
Sources of the Critique xli different from that txymiyya by Ibn Taymiyya and the Stoicsbut was also largely irrelevant to Ibn Taymiyya’s critique. Hallaq’s translation, with a substantial introduction and extensive notes, makes available to a wider audience for the first time an important work that will be of interest to specialists in ancient and medieval philosophy and to historians of logic and empiricist philosophy, as well as to scholars of Islam and Middle Eastern thought.
Wael B. Hallaq (ed.), Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians – PhilPapers
Quranic and Sunnaic indicants and legal judgements based on these indicants. No object mawdu may be apprehended without an essence; thus, an essence must first be apprehended for an object to become present in the mind. Examples are ‘figure’ for ‘triangle,’ or ‘corporeality’ for ‘human b e i n g.
Ibn Taymiyya conceived the syllogism as an inference that may deal either with mental concepts or with things in the real, objective world. Rahman, ‘Essence and Existence’, 3 ff. In these inferences, whatever the form, our conclusion will be probable if the relationship of concomitance between A and B is less than certain.
But considering the sheer value of the work it’s one of my personal favs along with Bertrand Russell’s Problems of Philosophyit’s well worth the price. Between these individuals there can only be an aspect or aspects of similarity but they cannot be entirely identical.
Find it on Scholar. It is perhaps more convincing to argue in favour of the rise of a native Muslim criticism of what was chiefly considered to be Aristotelian logic.
In the Leiden manuscript, fol. Islamic juristic theory had already developed a variety of methods and procedures through which the cause of the judgement in the original case is established. Admittedly, 1 26 Cf. The conclusion ‘Socrates is mortal’ does nothing but emphatically particularize the fact expressed in the categorical premiss ‘All men are mortal’. This is the sort of discussion the forefathers prohibited, although what the latter prohibited is superior to the logicians’ discourse because those discussions addressed indicants and judgements.
Ibn Taymiyya’s Refutation xxvii It is therefore not surprising that Ibn Taymiyya should equate the speculative mystics’ damaging effects on ghe Sharf’a with the havoc wreaked by the Tatar invasion of the Eastern Caliphate. But it has become clear to me that much in their views on logic is the source of their errors in metaphysics, such as their theory of quiddities being composed of attributes they call essential; their discourse about confining the means of acquiring knowledge to the definitions, syllogisms, and demonstrations they have expounded; their theory of definition by means of which concepts are formed; and their theory of the grwek of the syllogism and their apodictic subject-matter.
I am indebted to Professor Aron Zysow for providing me with a copy of this edition. This, by my againts, pertains to definitions that contain no falsehood. Propositions, negative or affirmative, if not self-evident, necessarily require proof. He ivn dismissed this knowledge as irrelevant. Ibn Taymiyya seems to have thought that, once abstracted, these propositions become virtually axiomatic in the mind, and are not susceptible to refutation.
Adil Elsaeed rated it it was amazing May 23, The accidental nature of such a predicable allows it to be attached to, or separated from, a subject according to degrees.
Nominal Definition in the Writings of Ibn Taymiyya. His argument is grounded in an empirical approach that in many respects prefigures the philosophies of the British empiricists. See also Naqd al-Mantiq, These particulars, however, are not to be found subsumed under the universal proposition through a middle term, since the very language expressing the proposition speaks of the predicate as applicable to every againsr subsumed under the subject.
If the case is the former, then the taymiyga can be said of the second definition as was said of the first, and this ivn circularity or infinite regress.
Seventh, he who hears a definition would not apprehend it if he had not already understood the words of the definition and their individual signification.
Fourth, the logicians define the definiendum by means of attributes they call essential and accidental. The object of the concept here is an essence given a certain name. Things in the world are concomitant, and there can be no external particular that is not concomitant loicians conjoined in one taymitya or another with other particulars. Iii li Introduction to no small extent were his own—he modestly thought to have come down from the salaf.
In his preoccupation with launching attacks on his adversaries, leading to digression into what he perceived to be issues whose immediate introduction to the discussion grwek win him points against his foes, Ibn Taymiyya seems to have been unable to dwell in any one place on the issue he was discussing or to force himself to ask questions he may have answered. Universal propositions about medical matters, gram- matical rules, habitual events in nature, etc.
For example, the statement ‘The definition of ” m a n ” is a ahainst animal”‘ is a declarative proposition qadiyya khabariyya ‘ and a mere claim devoid of proof. The need for more than two premisses is again attested by the logicians’ acceptance of the sorites, which is a compound syllogism consisting of a chain of syllogisms in which each term except the first and last occurs twice, once as subject and once as predicate.
The necessary accidental, on the other hand, is concomitant with the quiddity but does not constitute a part of it. Abu Idris rated it it was amazing Aug 03, Indeed, even the conclusion amounts to little more than a particular emphasis upon the major, universal premiss.