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The attitude indicator is the same as in a helicopter. Change pitch attitude accordingly with the attitude indicator to maintain the desired vertical speed. AR requires a magnetic compass for all flights. Figure illustrates the difference between two different aircraft, both performing a five-minute climb, with the same attitude indicator setting and the same power setting.
Estimated outbound time less than one minute As discussed previously, the bank angle necessary for a given turn rate is proportional to the TAS.
Army Publishing Directorate
The attitude indicator is the only instrument that portrays 3-552.3 and directly the actual flight attitude. The major limitation of the older turn-and-slip indicator is the sensing of rotation only about the 3-52.
axis of the aircraft, telling nothing of the rotation around the longitudinal axis, which in normal flight, occurs before the aircraft begins to turn. It provides new policy on Army safety management procedures with special emphasis on responsibilities and organizational concepts. Lock or hold the brakes firmly to avoid creeping while preparing for takeoff.
Variation values to the east of the agonic line are called westerly variation; the magnetic north pole is west of true north TN.
The gyro, or rotor, is operated on current supplied from the electrical system of the aircraft. Chapter 2 indicator during turns in each direction, note corrected deflections.
US Army Field Manuals – Mentor Enterprises Inc.
Two types of errors are mechanical and inherent. When the attitude and power are smoothly controlled, the lag factor is negligible and the indications on the performance instruments will stabilize or change smoothly. This measure is called a true heading TH because it is being measured relative to the true north pole. If the turn is made with too shallow a bank angle, inertia is greater than gravity and the ball rolls upward to the outside of the turn.
Performance instruments of a UH Oscillation is a combination of all other errors, including rough air or poor control technique, and results in the compass card swinging back and forth around the heading being flown. When a pitch error is detected, corrective action should be taken promptly but with light control pressures and two distinct changes of attitude: C-6 30 April FM The transponder allows the ground controller to identify the aircraft under his control and determine the pressure altitude that the aircraft is flying.
All figures and tables that display partial or complete navigational excerpts from other publications such as instrument approach charts, legends, and low-altitude en route charts are provided for reference only and should not be used in planning for or the conduct of any flight.
For a constant-rate descent, reduce power to the approximate setting for the desired rate. These doctrinal principles are intended to be used as a guide and are not to be considered prescriptive.
If more correction is required or if the airspeed varies more than 10 knots from tm desired, the pilot must make the appropriate power setting. The FMS uses aircraft sensors and navigation database information to compute and display aircraft position, performance data, and navigation information during all phases of flight.
The air pressure tries to compress the wafers against their natural springiness, which works to expand them.
A rapid change in airspeed indicates a large pitch change, and a slow change of airspeed indicates a small pitch change. Rate indicators, such as the turn-and-slip indicator and tm coordinator, operate on the principle of precession. A cross-check is started at the time that the aircraft leaves the ground and should include all available instruments to provide a smooth transition to coordinated flight.
If an aviator fails to maintain basic instrument proficiency through fk, many of the following common scanning errors are expected.
US Army Field Manuals – Mentor Enterprises Inc.
Figures andpageillustrate instrument indications for straight-and-level flight at normal cruise and during the transition from normal cruise to slow mf.
Make an attitude change resulting in a vertical-speed rate approximately double the error in altitude. If the air is colder than standard, air is denser and pressure levels are closer together.