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It is the nature of the human being to seek the truth. Consider, for instance, the disregard of modern thought and culture which has led either to a refusal of any kind of dialogue or to an indiscriminate acceptance of any kind of philosophy.
Fides et ratio : lettera enciclica di Giovanni Paolo II in SearchWorks catalog
May 21, Jack Bates rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: In short, the knowledge proper to faith does not destroy the mystery; it only reveals it the more, showing how necessary it is for people’s lives: Edit this record Mark as duplicate Export citation Enciclic it on Scholar Request removal from index Translate to english Revision history. It is my task to state principles and criteria which in my judgement are necessary in order to restore a harmonious and creative relationship between theology and philosophy.
Inseparable as they are from people and their history, cultures share the dynamics which the human experience of life reveals. The fruitfulness of this relationship is confirmed by the experience of great Christian theologians who also distinguished themselves as great philosophers, bequeathing to us writings of such high speculative value as to warrant comparison with the masters of ancient philosophy.
He points out how traditional Catholic thinkers were also rigorous rationalists. Central to the Pope’s vision is the recovery of the ”Sapiential Dimension” of philosophy and the sciences – that is, that science, ethics, and anthropology is are interrelated and should be studied together. Christian faith comes to meet them, offering the concrete possibility of reaching the goal which they seek. In the first chapter of his Letter to the Romans, Saint Paul helps us to appreciate better the depth of insight of the Wisdom literature’s reflection.
This means that they acknowledge fully and integrally the truth of what is revealed because it is God himself who is the guarantor of that truth.
It is no longer a matter of questions of interest only to certain individuals and groups, but convictions so widespread that they have become to some extent the common mind.
It is a tremendous gift to the Church! The unity of truth is a fundamental premise of human reasoning, as the principle of non-contradiction makes clear.
Fides et Ratio (Faith and Reason)
On the one hand, the knowledge acquired through belief can seem an imperfect form of knowledge, to be perfected gradually through personal accumulation of evidence; on the other hand, belief is often humanly richer than mere evidence, because it involves an interpersonal relationship and brings into play not only a person’s capacity to know but also the deeper capacity to entrust oneself to others, to enter into a relationship with them which is intimate and enduring.
The purpose of theology is to permit a greater understanding of the faith so that it can be grasped more firmly n. This is an essential condition for us to become ourselves and to grow as mature, adult persons. In theology too the temptations of other times have reappeared. Preceded by the gift of grace and assisted by the Holy Spirit, it is an act of both the mind and the will.
To reject this heritage would be to deny the providential plan of God who guides his Church down the paths of time and history. The Resurrection as a historical event. Apr 26, Kerstin rated it it was amazing Shelves: To understand a doctrine from the past correctly, it is necessary to set it within its proper historical and cultural context.
Faith thus becomes the convinced and convincing advocate of reason.
Faced with the various philosophies, the Fathers were not afraid to acknowledge those elements in them that were consonant with Revelation and those that were not. For example, while enciclicx Real Presence in the Holy Eucharist is to be believed as a matter of faith, theology attempts to make it more understandable in terms of substance, accidents, transubstantiation, etc. In synthesizing and solemnly reaffirming the teachings constantly proposed to the faithful by the ordinary Papal Magisterium, the First Vatican Council showed how inseparable and at the same time how distinct were faith and reason, Revelation and natural knowledge of God.
Fides et Ratio: On the Relationship Between Faith and Reason by John Paul II
This is why the Church has been justified fids consistently proposing Saint Thomas as a master of thought and a model of the right way to do theology. Such an ethics implies and presupposes a philosophical anthropology and a metaphysics of the good. It is not necessary to turn to the philosophers of the absurd or to the provocative questioning found in the Book of Job in order to have doubts about life’s meaning. For the People of God, therefore, history becomes a path to be followed to the end, so that by the unceasing action of the Holy Spirit cf.
Consider, for example, the principles of non-contradiction, finality and causality, as well as the concept of the person as a free and intelligent subject, with the capacity to know God, truth and goodness. Reinforced by his personal story and sustained by a wonderful holiness of life, he could also introduce into his works a range of material fidess, drawing on experience, was a prelude to future developments in different currents of philosophy.
Through this Revelation, men and women are offered the ultimate truth about their own life and about the goal of history.
But before tackling that question, one last datum of philosophy needs to be weighed. Truth can also drown in a welter of other concerns. They are born into a family and in a family they grow, eventually entering society through their activity.
The Apostle’s words seem all too pertinent now if we apply them to the various kinds of esoteric superstition widespread today, even among some believers who lack a proper critical sense.
Science and religion cannot be in conflict. This theory claims for philosophy not only a valid autonomy, but a self-sufficiency of thought which is patently invalid.