Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

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Ecological sanitation

But if you tick two filters for two different parameters then this is treated as an “and” search, i. The statement “use of non-renewable resources is minimised” means that the gain in resources by recycling shall be larger than the cost of resources by recycling.

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Shit flow diagrams SFDs help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. The proponents of conventional sanitation systems on the other side defended pit latrines and waterborne sewage systems.

In Peru, the Incas had a high regard for excreta as a fertilizer, which was stored, ecsan and pulverized to be utilized when planting maize. People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page.

Collecting effluents Draining effluents Treating effluents Designing a project. The definition of ecosan has varied in the past. Contact us if you have ideas on how your website or sub-sections of it could be integrated into the SuSanA website: Traditional forms of sanitation and ecosab reuse have continued in various parts of the world for centuries and were still common practice at the advent of the Industrial Revolution.

It desires to “close the loop” mainly for the nutrients and organic matter between sanitation and agriculture. Social or solidarity pricing Price of water Innovating methods and others.

A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

Our 13 working groups cover a variety of different sanitation themes. Right from the start, the first proponents of ecosan systems had a strong focus on increasing agricultural productivity via the reuse of excreta as fertilizers and thus improving the nutritional status of the people at the same time as providing them with safe sanitation.


Trees as recyclers of nutrients present in human excreta – Main tree report. Ecosan offers a flexible framework, where centralised elements can be combined with decentralised ones, waterborne with dry sanitation, high-tech with low-techecoszn. Content – Summary EcoSan toilets UDDTs are the modern way to save resources and recycle waste, for a cleaner and healthier environment.

In fact, ecosan systems can be “unsustainable”, for example, if there is too little user acceptance or if the costs of the system are too high for a given target group of users, making the system financially unsustainable in the longer term.

Prior toecosan has often been associated with urine diversion and in particular with urine-diverting roilets toilets UDDTsa type of dry toilet. It does not favour a specific sanitation technology, but is rather a certain philosophy in handling substances that have so far been seen simply as wastewater and water-carried waste for disposal.

Closing the Loop – Ecological sanitation for food security. It is often possible to find a good tradeoff between their cost, their maintenance method and the wishes of the community concerned. Photo by WaterAid d Urine use It is generally considered that: The definition of ecosan is focusing on the health, toileys and resource aspect of sustainable sanitation.

Exemple of realizations done using this sheet’ Be the first to write a work that you were able to do using these techniques. They manufacture a wide range of products including large chemical and water storage tanks. Working Groups 1 – Capacity development 2 – Market toilehs 3 – Toklets energies and climate change 4 – Sanitation systems and technology options 5 – Food security and productive sanitation systems 6 – Cities 7 – Sustainable WASH in institutions and gender equality 8 – Emergency and reconstruction situations 9 – Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement 10 – Operation, maintenance and sustainable services 11 – Groundwater protection 12 – WASH and nutrition ecodan – Behaviour change.

Ecological sanitation – Wikipedia

Tlilets the publication is by a SuSanA partner and you work for that SuSanA partner, then you can also add it yourself by ecoan through the partner profile page option. Anthropocene Earth system governance Ecological modernization Environmental governance Environmentalism Global catastrophic risk Human impact on the environment Planetary boundaries Social sustainability Stewardship Sustainable development.

The statement in the definition of ecosan to “safely recycle” includes hygienic, microbial and chemical aspects. It is therefore an improved composting latrine see fact sheet A9. Farmers, recognizing the value of excreta, were eager to get these fertilizers to increase production and urban sanitation benefited.


A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

Places or contexts in which this means appears to be the best suited – These latrines are well suited to rural or suburban areasbut are now also used in towns. If, for more comfort, this separation is done with a seat, a ecosa plastic bucket can be used – first by cutting the bottom out of the bucket and gluing half of it at the bucket mid-height, at an angle so as to form a urine receptacle, and making a hole in it with a with a hot iron and attaching an evacuation tube to it, – by surrounding the bucket with wire before covering it with concrete to solidify it, – by making a seat top or a lid and connecting the assembly to the pits and to the urine container.

But it can just as well be done locally at low cost toiletz simple local materials. Anthropization Anti-consumerism Earth Overshoot Day Ecological footprint Ethical Over-consumption Simple living Sustainability advertising Sustainability brand Sustainability marketing myopia Sustainable Systemic change resistance Tragedy of fcosan commons. Ecosan supporters criticised conventional sanitation for contaminating waterways with nutrients and pathogens.

This has been explained for solid excrement which can be transformed into agricultural fertiliser through composting see fact sheet A9 “Compost latrines”. They used urine diverting dry toilets UDDTs coupled with reuse toipets.

The project database contains nearly sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Document available, on line at: In fact, the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance was founded in in an attempt to broaden the ecosan concept and to bring together various actors under one scosan.

This fairly recent type of latrine was introduced by research organizations such as CREPA in Burkina Faso or NGOs such as Toilettes du monde and is currently in widespread use and is one of the most recommended types. The capital cost required for water bourne sanitation is prohibitive in most of the cases.