Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the. J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents. Ruuttu T(1), Pelkonen M, Holi M. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On May 1, , H Chabrol and others published Validity study of DSQ (Defense Style Questionnaire. The item version).

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Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) in adolescents.

The shortage of studies using the DSQ in early adolescents indicate the need for further exploration of the appropriateness of the use of DSQ for this age group Cramer, Social and Behavioral Sciences30— The plot suggested that a model with four factor solution was most appropriate for consideration.

These are in line with those reported in the original study Andrews et al. Victimization of Self VS e. There was no payment or other incentive to participate in the study. Studies exploring the factor structure of DSQ present altered versions revealing, three Muris et al.

In the present study internal consistency estimates for individual subscales were: Reliability and validity of the Japanese edition of the Defense Style Questionnaire Young adult identities and their pathways: Developmental Psychology47— However, when focusing on particular defenses this was the case only for anticipation previous studies indicate a higher score in suppression while for two image-distorting defense mechanisms, namely denial and dissociation.

The second defense style had also a cross-loading more than.


The four factor structure comes out well, in spite of cross-loadings. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease298— The use of exploratory factor analysis and principal components analysis in defebse research.

Scores for defense mechanisms and defense styles are formed by averaging the ratings for relevant items. Received Dec 4; Accepted Dec Psychological defense and self-esteem instability: As discriminant validity indicates also the ability of a scale to distinguish different groups of individuals, we performed three separate logistic regression analyses see Table 5 to investigate whether individual scores in the four Defense Styles Immature, Mature, Image-distorting and Neurotic could predict: Current research on interpersonal acceptance questlonnaire.

To determine the number questionnakre factors, we examined the goodness of fit for each proposed model based on criteria of goodness of fit, interpretability of the solution, and strength of parameter estimators.

We also compared use of defenses between genders; girls reported less use of mature and qyestionnaire styles than did boys.

Defense Style Questionnaire

However, no study has explored the psychometric properties of the DSQ in younger populations i. If my boss bugged me, I might make a mistake in my work or work more slowly so as to get back at him.

Bond suggests personal communication the use of the DSQ in late childhood and adolescence simply pointing out the need for some items to be appropriately reworded. The students come from different schools of Athens, Crete and Ioannina, Greece.

Regarding the examination of other psychometric characteristics, we used correlations coefficient to test the DSQ internal consistency. Longitudinal study of defense mechanisms: Archives of General Psychiatry40 3— We found that 5 th graders scored higher in the Neurotic factor and less use in the Immature factor.


Convergent Validity The results in Table dqs show that the Mature factor was positively associated with Psychological Well-being whereas the Neurotic factor was positively associated with paternal acceptance and Psychological Well-being.

Defense Style Questionnaire

The exploration of the psychometric properties of the relevant scales in young age samples is limited and mainly reported in the discrimination between clinical and non-clinical samples. Research has indicated that defense styles measured by the DSQ are associated with psychological adjustment and psychopathology Pour et al.

The goal was to see how the 20 individual defenses loaded onto factors, commonly referred to as defense styles. This is possibly indicating either lower levels of stress for females of this age-range or a feminine defense in terms of changing the inner affect Cramer, I work more things out in my daydreams than in my real life].

Implications for preventive inclusive strategies. Therefore, a geomin oblique instead of a quartimax orthogonal rotation criterion was chosen. To our knowledge, the only recent study focusing on the factor structure of the DSQ Saint-Martin et al.

The American Journal of Psychiatry3 questionnsire, — Defenze relationship between affective temperaments, defensive styles and depressive symptoms in a large sample.