Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Shrub to small tree, able to grow up to about 3 m tall. Foliage: Leaves green, palmately 3 – 5 lobed, measuring up to 15 cm long . The tree spinach (Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaughn, Euphorbiaceae), called “chaya” in south Texas, is popular in Mexico and Central. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Pharmacognostical studies on Cnidoscolus chayamansa leaves | The tree spinach Cnidoscolus chayamansa Mc Vaugh.

Author: Gumuro Dolkis
Country: Iceland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 2 July 2013
Pages: 323
PDF File Size: 18.22 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.7 Mb
ISBN: 816-6-66832-132-4
Downloads: 58484
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Faut

Cases were C texanus exposures reported to Texas poison centers during PubMed Oboh, Ganiyu Garlic Allium sativum is popularly consumed because of its role in the treatment and management of several diseases.

The leaves of C. When drying chaya leaves it is best to blanch the leaves in boiling water for 3 minutes then rinse in clear water before drying or to grind the leaves first and dry the pulped leaves.

Screening of Bioactivities and Toxicity of Cnidoscolus quercifolius Pohl. We used developmental instability as an indicator of plant population stress. Although Cnidoscolus chayamansa is one of most used and valued medicinal plants, only few studies on documenting its pharmacological properties can be found. The analysis did not reveal statistically significant differences for most of the morphological descriptors.

Antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial, and anti-inflammatory evaluation of Cnidoscolus chayamansa Mc Vaugh extract and the isolated compounds. It xnidoscolus exhibited significant anti-inflammatory cnnidoscolus in vitro in a.

Cnidoscolus chayamansa | TRAMIL

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In this research, concentrations of the mentioned secondary metabolites were determined in the medicinal plants Artemisia absinthium, Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, Parthenium hysterophorus, Piper carpunya and Taraxacum officinale, from Ecuador, and related with cytotoxic effects against Artemia salina. Finally, the acute toxicity was determined using Lorke’s method.


Cooking in aluminum cookware can result in a toxic broth, causing diarrhea. Bauhinia forficata and Cnidoscolus quercifolius plants are commonly used in folk medicine. All these results are relevant for a better understanding of the therapeutic used of Cnidoscolus chayamansa in the Mexican traditional medicine and highlights its cardioprotective potential.

It is a popular leaf vegetable in Mexican and Central American cuisinessimilar to spinach. It stands out for its extraordinary drought resistance and medicinal properties.

Cnidoscolus chayamansa

Original publication date May It also inhibited biofilm adhesion and caused alterations in cell morphology. Aldose reductase inhibitors from the leaves of Myrciaria dubia H. When tested for their antioxidant activity none of the extracts showed a significant activity suggesting that the antinflammatory activity is not related to a direct free radical scavenging of the extracts. To determine the anti-inflammatory activity, the TPA-induced mouse ear edema and the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema assays were used.

Tannins values obtained were not adverse to their consumption. Cooking of chaya leaves slightly reduced nutritional composition of both chaya species. The results demonstrated great potential as an antimicrobial agent, an important antioxidant capacity, and acetylcholinesterase inhibition response with no significant difference compared with the reference drug.

Ellagic acid 1 and its two derivatives, 4-O-methylellagic acid 2 and 4- alpha-rhamnopyranosyl ellagic acid 3 were isolated as inhibitors of aldose reductase AR from Myrciaria dubia H.

Large leaves are cut into manageable pieces before cooking. Currently, there is limited information about their nutritional and phytochemical composition. The sting is removed by cooking or grinding. To assess cytotoxicity of these extracts, different bioassays with A.

Potential Nutritional and Health Benefits of Tree Spinach

Archived from the original on 22 September The dark green leaves are alternate, simple, slick surfaced with some hairs, and palmately lobed much like the leaves of okra. Fractionation of the ethyl acetate soluble fraction IC50 ranging from 3.


To be exploited rationally, its potential needs to be scientifically demonstrated. The seeds were cold pressed and the following tests were performed: The caatinga, an exclusively Brazilian biome, is one of the most endangered vegetation systems in the planet. A simple, sensitive, precise, and reproducible HPLC method for the simultaneous quantification of in P.

Such extracts have shown toxicity to insects, which has positioned them as a common alternative in programs of integrated pest management. Few investigations have focused on wild Manihot species, and the phylogeny of the genus is still unclear. Thereafter, the feeding trial was terminated, the serum of the blood was prepared, and the liver, spleen, intestine, and organ were isolated for gross pathological investigation.

Ethnobotany is an adequate tool to identify the most import wild edible plants used by local people and to develop strategies for its sustainable use and policy making. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. In the second experiment, there were three diets based cuayamansa maize and soybean: Phylogenetic patterns in the genus Manihot Euphorbiaceae inferred from analyses of nuclear and chloroplast DNA regions.

Moretenol, moretenyl acetate, kaempferol-3,7-dimethyl ether, and 5-hydroxy’,4′-trimethoxyflavanone were the main compounds isolated. They contain a high content of a glucoside that can release toxic hydrocyanic acid. Priority groups were selective for one or two types of food, dhayamansa as fruits, teas, or seeds. Breckon is restricted a small area in western Mexico.

The diets were offered ad libitum for 2 or 3 weeks in the first and second experiments, respectively. Thick woody stem cuttings about 6 to 12 inches long are used, but cnidodcolus root slowly.