Religion and Society in the Near East, | Berkey’s focus in The Formation of Islam is on ideas and institutions and their social and political context. Khalid Yahya Blankinship; Jonathan P. Berkey. The Formation of Islam: Religion and Society in the Near East, – (Themes in Islamic. Berkey is an Associate Professor of History at Davidson College. He describes Islam as having developed across generations, and he writes of various religious .

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In part their dispersion resulted from the successive deportations of Jews from Palestine, under the Assyrians and Babylonians and, in the wake of the Bar Kochba rebellion in the second century CE, the Romans.


The Formation of Islam

They puzzled many, including the patriarch Cyril of Jerusalem. A permanent Jewish presence in Egypt dated back to at least the sixth century BCE, with the establishment of a mercenary garrison on the Elephantine island near modern Aswan.

His concerns match those of John Chrysostom, prelate of Antioch some three centuries later. Of course, no pre-modern society reached anything close to the levels of urbanization in our industrial and post-industrial world, and it is worth remembering at the outset that many of the religious developments described in this book reached the ninety percent or more of the population which was rural in attenuated and problematic form.


The Formation of Islam (Jonathan Berkey) – book review

Frend, The Rise of Christianity Philadelphia, The urban commercial economy had a decisive impact on religious develop- ments of the era. Nonetheless, reconstructing the history of Judaism in the Near East in the centuries before and after the rise of Islam is difficult, given the nature of the surviving historical record; much of the story has to be pieced together from sources hostile to the Jews and their faith.

This is not to say that there was no universalist dimension to Zoroastrian religious life; but what universalism there was derived directly, and to a greater degree than in the case of Rome and Christianity, from the explicit connection between religion and the state.


Rather than consult with recognized authority figures, Muslim individuals were inclined to speak with persons deemed holy by their asceticism about their worldly concerns, such as slaves that had fled, or the complaint that a master was unjust, forcing the holy men, “who had quit the world,” back to worldly concerns. Log In Sign Up. In what follows we will try to elucidate briefly the identities and parameters of the traditions involved in the religious competition of late antiquity.

You do not currently have access berkej this article. Christians served the Sasanians in the army and in the bureaucracy, sometimes in quite senior positions. Citing articles via Google Scholar.

The polytheism of ancient Iranian religion probably continued as the norm for many of the common people, although the priests tended to redefine the multitudinous deities as angelic beings subordinate to the great god Ahura Mazda Ohrmazd. University of Chicago Press,2. And after removing her infant and cooking it in a pot, all those who were intending to fight dipped the sleeves of their right arm in this detestable sacrifice.

The Formation of Islam – Wikipedia

For while Christ was yet in the womb, the Roman empire received its power from God as the servant of the dispensation which Christ introduced, since at that very time the accession was proclaimed of the unending line of the Augusti by whose command a census was made which embraced the whole world.

Dumbarton Oaks,35— Bagnall, Egypt in Late Antiquity Princeton: Harvard University Press, The dimensions of that conflict are not entirely clear, but it resulted bsrkey the eclipse of the office of the exilarch by the end of the Sasanian period, the rabbis, led by the geonim, emerging as both authoritative interpreters of the law and representatives of the Jewish community.

You could not be signed in. Despite the imprecision of the term, historians formatiln back on it, inevitably if reluctantly, to identify the mass of inter-connected religious traditions and cults which emerged from the ancient world and which found themselves in competition with the newly self-conscious communities of Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians and, later, Muslims. The organized pagan cults were the first to feel the impact of this identification of church and state, but increasingly the Jews, too, felt its onerous weight.


The Formation of Islam: Penguin,and W. Feldman, Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World: From the standpoint of the religious traditions which are studied in this book, the year BCE may be somewhat arbitrary, since the subsequent centuries were, at least in the Near East, equally decisive regarding berkej articulation of identifiable religious traditions.

Schocken Books,19— If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. That claim is certainly a pious fiction, but the Koran does contain a number of verses that can legitimately be read islma expressing support for certain principles, such as asceticism, which came to be hallmarks of the Sufi tradition.

He describes Islam as having developed across generations, and he writes of various religious traditions having had an influence on Islam. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Surely one of the features of Christianity which appealed to Constantine and his successors was its universalism, for it allowed the emperor to present himself as the representative or instrument of a God who stood over all of humankind, a God who could reveal to Constantine his sign and commend it to him as the banner under which to carry out his military campaigns.

The Abbasid revolution tapped “a complex and still-evolving welter of religious ideas and expectations”. The process was probably sharpest in the territories of the newly Christianized Roman Empire.