ANATOMIA ODONTOLOGICA FUNCIONAL Y APLICADA FIGUN PDF

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This is performed with low exposures to radiation, which is also important for the diagnosis of lesions in the oral cavity Anatomia, Patologia y Odontologicx.

Primeiro molar superior

Radiographs are helpful for the visualization of root anatomy, but are limited because they provide two-dimensional images of a three-dimensional object 6, This line runs downward and forward toward the mandibular body odlntologica ends below the mental foramen 6. SEM has higher diagnostic accuracy than radiographs and allows for complete scanning of the apical portion of the root.

Diagnostic imaging with newly developed ortho cubic super high funcionaal computed tomography ortho- CT. Radiographic interpretation of funcioonal osseous lesions. Radiographic images of the buccal wnatomia were examined and classified by two observers, according to the number of root canals and apical foramina, as follows: It is likely that these teeth had been extracted for orthodontic reasons because their dental crowns were intact.

The classification of internal anatomy utilized in this study does not follow Vertucci’s classification 20which is routinely referred to in the literature. Rev ABO Nac ;1: There was also interference between the second and the third molars in radiographs The sample was selected by a professor from this department, and the following criteria for quality control were considered: Conclusions Considering the results obtained in the present study, it is possible to affirm that the overlap of the oblique line over the alveolar crest images in the mandibular molar region represented a significant part of the analyzed sample.

Discussion In oral and maxillofacial radiology image interpretation requires a good knowledge of the dental and the bone anatomy of both the maxilla and the mandible. The evolution and application of the dental maxillofacial imaging modalities. Considering the whole sample, the interference in one site was These findings confirm that maxillary 1st premolars with 2 anatoima canals are similar to the maxillary 1st molars.

Curso de Radiologia em Odontologia.

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The maxillary 1st premolar may present a large number of anatomic variations. The authors state that there are no financial and personal conflicts of interest that could have inappropriately influenced their work.

All of the unidentified radiographs were placed in plastic assemblies to be analyzed on the same viewer with the aid of a 3x magnifying glass. To identify and quantify the aplidada of the projection of the oblique line over the alveolar crests of the mandibular molars in periapical radiographs.

When correctly performed, this technique provides images and important information regarding the diagnosis complementing the clinical exam. Better prognoses in endodontic treatment can only be achieved if dentists have thorough knowledge of the internal anatomic configuration of teeth. SEM revealed the presence of only 1AF after a complete scanning of the entire root surface. In a study by Rees et al.

Figun garino anatomia odontologica funcional aplicada arborvitae – derlows

The lamina dura is seen in the radiographs as a continuous radiopaque line, thin and smooth, which bypasses the alveolar bone crest and continuously passes from one tooth to another.

When present, funcionl interference over the image of the alveolar aantomia of the mandibular molars was evaluated. However, SEM was able to identify a greater number of foramina in Thus it is relevant to suggest that the use of the vertical angle variation is an important resource for periapical radiographs which enables a more detailed analysis of the alveolar crest of the mandibular molar region.

In conclusion, the presence of a longitudinal sulcus in the buccal root of the maxillary 1st premolar predisposes to either total Root canal treatment of this tooth is difficult because of the direction and longitudinal depression of its roots, the different con figurations of the pulp chamber and the difficulty in visualizing the apex on radiographs 1.

Anatomía odontológica – Humberto Aprile, Mario Eduardo Figún, Ricardo Rodolfo Garino – Google Books

The alveolar process is responsible for the implantation of the mandibular teeth, is characterized by eight bilateral sockets formed by the odontolpgica and posterolateral bone walls, and is separated by independent bone septa. As far as we could ascertain, only one study 16 has described the presence of sulcus or bifurcation in the roots of maxillary 1st premolars as a variation of the internal anatomy. Such information includes visualization of the dental structure and bone support, detection of cavities and periapical lesions, evaluation of alveolar bone loss associated with periodontal disease, and evaluation of numerous other dental and bone-related conditions 1.

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Many teeth exhibited a great odontoligica of easily identifiable small-sized foramina, which were not considered in the study. This anatomic variation adds difficulties to endodontic treatment, and therefore, coronal access to root canals should be different for these teeth. How new radiological techniques may improve endodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Barreiro y Ramos, This study investigated the buccal root of maxillary 1st premolars with longitudinal sulcus because it has been reported 16 that the internal anatomic variations of these teeth are closely associated to the presence of a sulcus in their roots.

The periapical radiograph is considered an essential resource in the clinical practice of various dental specialties. Among the odontoloogica that showed an overlap of the oblique line over the alveolar creststhe number of interferences was also analyzed, especially with regard to the anatomic site where odlntologica overlap occurred one, two, or three sites.

Ramadan and Mitchel 14 have reported that vertical defects in the vestibular and lingual surfaces of the alveolar crest were only evident when there was a depth of at least 3 mm.

Although this study did not investigate accessory foramina, it is ajatomia mentioning how often they were identified by SEM, which confirms that the maxillary 1st premolar is the tooth that most often presents an apical delta 5.

Dent Runcional North Am ;2: Some classic studies on internal dental anatomy 2,3 have provided important data for better understanding of Endodontics, thus contributing to the success of root canal therapy. Considering the results obtained in the present study, it is possible to affirm that the overlap of the oblique line over the alveolar crest images in the mandibular molar region represented a significant part of the analyzed sample.

Number of roots and canals in maxillary first premolars: The maxillary 1st premolar usually has two roots that may be either separated or partially or totally fused. In oral and maxillofacial radiology image interpretation requires a good knowledge of the dental and the bone anatomy of both the maxilla and the mandible.